PETER ILYTCH TSCHAIKOVSKY

7th May 1840 - 6th November 1893

Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilyich (1840-93), Russian composer, born Kamsko-Votinsk, was taught music early at home, but in 1850 entered the School of Jurisprudence in St Petersburg, and in 1859 became a clerk in the Ministry of Justice. He studied music as an amateur with Zaremba but in 1862 entered the Conservatory, where he also studied with A. Rubinstein. In 1866 he was appointed a professor 'at the Moscow Conservatory.

He met Balakirev in 1868 and accepted his advice, but did not join his circle or subscribe to its exclusive nationalist attitude: technically his music remained cosmopolitan, although it often has a distinctly Russian favor because his individuality is Russian. His early operas, the first 2 symphonies, and the Piano Concerto in B flat minor had won him recognition by 1875, and the following year a wealthy widow, Nadezhda von Meck, offered him financial support on condition that they should never meet.

In 1877 he married Antonina Miliukov, who had sent him a declaration of love, out of compassion and without returning her feelings, with disastrous results. He had a serious breakdown and left her about two months after the wedding. After some months in Switzerland and Italy he resigned his post and settled in a country house. In 1888 he made his first international tour, in 1891 he visited the U.S.A., and in 1893 paid a second visit to England. After a performance of the 'Pathetic' Symphony in St Petersburg he drank a glass of unboiled water and died there of cholera.

Of his 11 operas Eugene Onegin, 1879, and The Queen of Spades, 1890, both based on Pushkin, have remained in the world repertory, and so have the ballets Swan Lake, 1877, The Sleeping Beauty, 1890, and The Nutcracker, 1892. Three of the 6 symphonies and the first of the 2 piano concertos are also permanent favorites, but there is much else that remains characteristic and valuable, such as the symphonic poems Romeo and Juliet, Francesca da Rimini, and Hamlet, the Capriccio italien and 1812 Overture, the Violin Concerto and the Trio for violin, cello and piano. The church music and secular choral works are rather tied up to their Russian words, but many of over a hundred songs remain attractive, and there is much that deserves to be remembered among as many piano pieces.

Last Updated on 12th December 2010
By Steven

And now for the Music

My thanks go to Gary Goldberg for Sequencing and donating the following files, to email please remove brackets & spaces etc to stop spammers (mdcatdad) (@) (verizon)dot(net) and let him know your thoughts.

"Finale of the posthumous Andante and Finale of Tchaikovsky's planned 3rd Piano Concerto. Another nicely sequenced by Gary Goldberg. Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe

"planned finale of his 7th Symphony. A Excellent sequenced by Gary Goldberg. Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe

My thanks go to Scott P. Anderson for Sequencing and donating the following files, to email please click on (hi_desert01@hotmail.com"">SCOTT and let him know your thoughts.

"Suite No.1 ! (from the Ballet "The Nutcracker"), Op. 71a "Miniature Overture (Ouverture miniature). A beautifully sequenced by Scott P. Anderson

"Suite No.2 ! (from the Ballet "The Nutcracker"), Op. 71a "March (Marche) . A beautifully sequenced by Scott P. Anderson

"Suite No.3 ! (from the Ballet "The Nutcracker"), Op. 71a "Dance of the Sugar-Plum Fairy (Danse de la Fee-Dragee) . A beautifully sequenced by Scott P. Anderson

"Suite No.4 ! (from the Ballet "The Nutcracker"), Op. 71a "Russian Dance: Trepak (Danse russe Trepak) . A beautifully sequenced by Scott P. Anderson

"Suite No.5 ! (from the Ballet "The Nutcracker"), Op. 71a "Arabian Dance (Danse Arabe) . A beautifully sequenced by Scott P. Anderson

"Suite No.6 ! (from the Ballet "The Nutcracker"), Op. 71a "Chinese Dance (Danse Chinoise) . A beautifully sequenced by Scott P. Anderson

"Suite No.7 ! (from the Ballet "The Nutcracker"), Op. 71a "Dance of the "Mirlitons" (Danse des Mirlitons) . A beautifully sequenced by Scott P. Anderson

"Suite No.8 ! (from the Ballet "The Nutcracker"), Op. 71a "Waltz of the Flowers (Valse des Fleurs) . A beautifully sequenced by Scott P. Anderson

My thanks go to Gary Goldberg for Sequencing and donating the following files, to email please remove brackets & spaces etc to stop spammers (mdcatdad) (@) (verizon)dot(net) and let him know your thoughts.

(2919) "Symphony No.2 , Mov.4. Another nicely sequenced by Gary Goldberg. Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe

(2666) "Symphony No.4 , Mov.4. Nicely sequenced by Gary Goldberg. Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe

(2665) "Symphony No.6 , Mov.3. Nicely sequenced by Gary Goldberg. Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe

(2673) "Symphony No.2 , Mov.1. Nicely sequenced by Gary Goldberg. Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe

I like to thank George Pollen for the following music, to contact George please (gpollen@polleng.freeserve.co.uk"> Click Here, or better still visit his Website here

(2707)"Andante Cantabile from Quartet Op. 11". A beautifully sequenced by George Pollen

(979)"Waltz of the Flowers (Nutcracker Suite)" A truly beauitful sequenced by George Pollen This is a large file please click here. for pkunzip.exe

(970)"Danse Chinoise" from the Nutcracker Suite. Donated and beautifully sequenced by George Pollen

(969)"Trepak" from the Nutcracker Suite. Donated and sequenced by George Pollen

(702)"Miniature Overture" from the Nutcracker Suite. Donated and sequenced by George Pollen

(703)"March" from the Nutcracker Suite. Donated and sequenced by George Pollen

(704)"Dance of the Sugar Plum fairy" from the Nutcracker Suite. Donated and sequenced by George Pollen

(705)"Danse Arabe" from the Nutcracker Suite. Donated and sequenced by George Pollen

I like to thank Scott P. Anderson for the following lovely sequence. Let Scott know your thoughts on this piece, contact (hi_desert01@hotmail.com"> Scott, Click Here.

(1873)This is a new version of the one below, a wonderful piece,"1812 Overture". Donated and sequenced by Scott P. Anderson

(1432)"1812 Overture". Donated and sequenced by Scott P. Anderson

Tchaikovsky,(34) Swan Lake Suite No.4 Seq by Wang Toa

Tchaikovsky,(66) Chinese dance from the Nutcracker suite Seq by ?

Tchaikovsky,(70) Dance of the Reeds Seq by ?

Tchaikovsky,(103) Piano Concerto No.1 Seq ?

Capprisse Italian (235), Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe seq by ?

Chantsans Parolesdi (236) Seq by Oscar Comazzetto

  (12a) Arab dance from the Nutcracker Suite Seq by R.J.Stratton Jr

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