ARTHUR SULLIVAN

I would like to thank George Pollen for donating the picture above.

13th May 1842 --- 22nd November 1900

Arthur Sullivan(b. May 13, 1842, London--d. Nov. 22, 1900, London), composer who, with W.S. Gilbert, established the distinctive English form of the operetta. Gilbert's satire and verbal ingenuity were matched so well by Sullivan's unfailing melodiousness, resourceful musicianship, and sense of parody that the works of this unique partnership won lasting international acclaim.

Sullivan was the son of an Irish musician who became bandmaster at the Royal Military College; his mother was of Italian descent. He joined the choir of the Chapel Royal and later held the Mendelssohn Scholarship at the Royal Academy of Music, London, where he studied under Sir W. Sterndale Bennett and Sir John Goss. He continued his studies at the Leipzig Conservatory.

In 1861 he became organist of St. Michael's, London, and in the following year his music to The Tempest achieved great success at the Crystal Palace. Then followed his Kenilworth cantata (1864), a ballet, L'Île enchantée, produced at Covent Garden (where Sullivan was organist for a time), a symphony and a cello concerto; the In Memoriam and the Overtura di Ballo overtures; and numerous songs.

Sullivan's first comic opera was his setting of Sir Francis Cowley Burnand's Cox and Box (1867). An operetta, the Contrabandista, also on a libretto by Burnand, was produced in the same year. Thespis (1871), the first work in which Sullivan collaborated with Gilbert, met with little success when produced at the Gaiety Theatre. It was Richard D'Oyly Carte, then manager of the Royalty Theatre, who brought the two men together again in 1875; the result was Trial by Jury, which was originally put on as an afterpiece to an Offenbach operetta; it won instant popularity and ran for more than a year.

Carte thereupon formed the Comedy Opera Company, with a view to presenting full-length operettas by Gilbert and Sullivan. The first of these, The Sorcerer (1877), was followed by H.M.S. Pinafore (1878), whose eventual success was phenomenal, and The Pirates of Penzance (1879, New York City; 1880, London).

During the run of Patience (1881), Carte transferred the production to his newly built Savoy Theatre, where the later operettas were presented. These were Iolanthe (1882), Princess Ida (1884), The Mikado (1885), Ruddigore (1887), The Yeomen of the Guard (1888), and The Gondoliers (1889). The collective works of Gilbert and Sullivan became known as the "Savoy Operas."

From time to time, Sullivan protested against the artificial nature of Gilbert's plots; this led to a disagreement between them that came to a head when Sullivan supported Carte in a minor business dispute. Sullivan wrote his next opera, Haddon Hall (1892), to a libretto by Sydney Grundy. Subsequent collaboration with Gilbert, in Utopia Limited (1893) and The Grand Duke (1896), did not reach their former standard. Sullivan completed three other operettas, The Chieftain (1895), largely an adaptation of Contrabandista, The Beauty Stone (1898), with a libretto by Sir Arthur Wing Pinero and J. Comyns Carr, and The Rose of Persia (1889), with Basil Hood, who also wrote the libretto for The Amerald Isle, which was left unfinished by Sullivan and completed by Edward German.

Sullivan's more classical compositions included The Prodigal Son (1869), The Light of the World (1873), The Martyr of Antioch (1880), The Golden Legend (1886), and the "romantic opera" Ivanhoe, written for the opening of the Royal English Opera House built by Carte in 1891. They were not maintained in the repertory, though they were acclaimed in their day. He also wrote many hymn tunes, including "Onward! Christian Soldiers," and his song "The Lost Chord" attained great popularity.

In 1876 Sullivan accepted the principalship of the National Training School for Music (later the Royal College of Music), which he held for five years; he was active as a conductor, particularly at the Leeds Festivals from 1880 to 1898. He was knighted in 1883.

Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica

Last Updated on 4th February 2005
By Steven

And now for the Music

I like to thank Clifton Coles for the following lovely music from various light Opera pieces, more to be added later. to contact Clifton please (cliftoncoles@hotmail.com"> Click Here.

Some new pieces donated by Clifton, I will be adding more over the coming weeks.

"Princess Ida" "Introduction and Opening Chorus and Solo". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "Now hearken to my strict command" Song (Hildebrand) ". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "Today we meet" Recit and Song (Hilarion) ". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "Chorus and "We are warriors three" Song (Arac)". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "If you give me your attention" Song (Gama) ". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "Finale of Act 1". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "Towards the empyrean heights" Chorus and Solo". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "Oh goddess wise" Aria (Princess) ". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "Come mighy Must" Song (Blanche) . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "Gently gently" Trio (Hilarion, Cyril, Florian) . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "I am a maiden" Trio (Hilarion, Cyril, Florian) . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "The world is but a broken toy" Quartet (Princess, Hilarion, Cyril, Florian). Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "A lady fair" Song (Psyche). Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "The woman of the wisest wit" Quintet (Psyche, Melissa, Hilarion, Cyril, Florian). Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "Now wouldn't you like" Duet (Melissa, Blanche) . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "Merrily ring the luncheon bell" Chorus and Solos. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" "Would you know" Song (Cyril) and Finale Act 2 (beginning). Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" Finale of Act 2 (conclusion) . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" Death to the invader" Chorus and Solo . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" Built upon a rock" Aria (Princess) . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" Whene'er I spoke" Song (Gama). Sequenced by Clifton Coles. . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" When anger speads his wing" Chorus . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" This helmet I suppose" Song (Arac) . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" This is our duty plain towards" Chorus. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

"Princess Ida" Finale of Act 3. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2691)"The Chieftain" a light opera, Introduction, no. 1, 2, 3, and 4" . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.This is a large file please click here for pkunzip.

(2901)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.1 "Up in the morning early" (Introduction and Song) Vasquez. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2572)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.1 "Finale of Act I" . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.This is a large file please click here for pkunzip.

(2573)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.1 "Up in the morning early" (Introduction and Song) Vasquez. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2574)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.2 "The river, the river" (Chorus and Solo). Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2575)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.3 "Two happy gods" (Song and Chorus) Rita, chorus. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2576)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.5 "Bustle, bustle, here's a stranger" (Chorus and Song) Ferdinand, chorus. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2577)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.6 . "To Spain, said my husband" (Song) Dolly, with Rita, Vasquez, Grigg, and Ferdinand. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2578)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.7 . "There are cases when the simple truth"(Quintet) Rita, Dolly, Grigg, Vasquez, Ferdinand. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2579)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.8 "La criada" (Song) Ferdinand. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2580)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.9 "There's no one I'm certain would know me again" (Quintet) Juanita, Inez, Sancho, Jose, Pedro. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2581)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.10 "What is the matter, Peter?" (Trio) Dolly, Inez, Grigg. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2582)"The Chieftain" a light opera, No.11 "We quite understand" (Sextet) Juanita, Inez,Grigg, Sancho, Pedro, Jose. Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2547)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.1 "Today it is a festal time" . Sequenced by Clifton Coles.This is a large file please click here for pkunzip.

(2548)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.2 "Nay, father dear, speak not to me" & No.3 "Mother, dearest mother". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2549)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.4 "Ribbons to sell!". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2550)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.6 "My mistress comes" & No.7. "Oh tell me what is a maid to say". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2551)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.8 "The earth is fair". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2552)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.8a "Why weep and wait?". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2553)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.9 "Down with princes". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2554)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.10 "I've heard it said". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2555)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.14 "There's no one by". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2556)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.15 "Hoity, toity, what's a kiss?". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2902)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.15 "The west wind howls"(Quartet). Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2557)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.18 "Queen of the garden" & No.19 "Alone, alone". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2558)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.20 "In frill and feather" & No.21 "We have thought the matter out". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2559)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.22 "Hech mon, hech mon!". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

(2560)"Haddon Hall" a light opera, No.23 "Finale of Act III". Sequenced by Clifton Coles.

I like to thank George Pollen for the following excellent crafted music.

(1276)" Phoebe's Song" "Hey-Ho" from The Yeoman of the Guard, a beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen.

(1277)"Tower Warders" from The Yeoman of the Guard, a wonderful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen.

(1289)"I keep my silent watch and ward" from The Yeoman of the Guard a beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen.

(1278)"I have a song to sing" from The Yeoman of the Guard a beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen.

(1294)"Were I thy bride" from The Yeoman of the Guard a beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen.

(1290)"Oh, a private baffoon" from The Yeoman of the Guard a beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen.

(1291)"Oh to tell a tale of Cock and Bull" from The Yeoman of the Guard a beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen.

(1279)"Strange Adventure" from The Yeoman of the Guard, another beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen.

(1292)"A man who would Woo a fair maid" from The Yeoman of the Guard, another beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen.

(1293)"Rapture Rapture" from The Yeoman of the Guard, another beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen.

(1047)"Overture : Ruddigore(1887) ", another beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen. This is a large file please click here for pkunzip.

(1012)"The Pirates of Penzance", a beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen. This is a large file please click here for pkunzip.

(1013)"Yeoman of the Guard". Sequenced by George Pollen. This is a large file please click here for pkunzip.

(1014)"Overture to H. M. S. Pinafore" wonderful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen. This is a large file please click here for pkunzip.

(710)"Overture to Iolanthe", a beautiful piece. Sequenced by George Pollen. This is a large file please click here for pkunzip.

(915)Overture to "The Grand Duke" Sequenced by Jean Fleury

(916) "Hush! Not a step" Sequenced by Jose Sancho

(917)"Let others seek the peaceful plain" Sequenced by Inez

(918)"The Lost Chord" Sequenced by ?

(22a) Who'd to be robber chief aspire Seq by Ronald Orenstein

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