ROBERT ALEXANDER SCHUMANN

June 8th 1810 --- July 29th 1856

Schumann, Robert (1810-56), German composer born Zwickau, Saxony, son of a bookseller and publisher. He began to study the piano at the age of 8 and made rapid progress; he also began to compose though without any Stevenular tuition. He entered Leipzig University in 1828 to study law but moved to Heidelberg in 1829, remaining there for only 1 year.

Under the instruction of Friedrich Wieck at Leipzig he had by this time become an accomplished pianist and had composed a number of songs and piano pieces. In 1831 he studied composition for a short time with Heinrich Dorn, conductor at the Leipzig opera. In the following year he injured his right hand with an apparatus for strengthening the fingers and had to abandon the idea of a virtuoso's career. In 1833 with a group of other young men he founded the Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik. In 1837 he became engaged to Clara Wieck, in spite of her father's opposition, and eventually married her in 1840.

His first symphony appeared in 1841, and the second symphony later No. 4) and the first movement of the piano Concerto were begun in the same year. In 1843, in spite of nervous exhaustion which became progressively worse, he was appointed professor of composition at the new Lelpzig Conservatory, but left for Dresden in the following year. In 1850 his opera Genoveva was performed, without much success, at Leipzig, and in the same year he became conductor of the Dusseldorf orchestra.

His lack of experience made him unsuited to this post, but he refused to resign until the serious deterioration of his mental health forced him in 1853 to abandon the work. In 1854 he became insane and after throwing himself into the Rhine was moved to an asylum near Bonn, where he died 29 July.

An ardent apostle of romanticism and a generous champion of other composers, he was in his own work most successful in songs and piano music, both of which were coloured by his literary tastes. But his chamber music and symphonies, as well as the piano concerto, show also schumann capacity for organising material in unusual ways, particularly by linking together the various parts of a composition.

Last Updated on 6th October 2001
By Steven

And now for the Music

I like to thank Ramon for the following lovely music, email (rpajares@nilsl.net">Ramon Pajares Box and let him know how much you like the music.

(1041) "Symphony 2 (1846) - 3. Adagio espressivo, beautifully sequenced by Ramón Pajares Box

I like to sincerely thank Edward Gold for sequencing and donating the following music, which he has now updated. Email (egld@asan.com">Edward and let him know what you think of his music.

(931) Symphony no.3, 5th movement Lebhaft(Music updated on the 20/01/00) Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe, a wonderful sequenced by Edward Gold

(914) Symphony no.3, 4th movement ("Cathedral"), Feierlich(Music resquenced on the 20/09/01)Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe, a wonderful sequenced by Edward Gold

(897) Symphony no. 3 in Eb, Op. 97, The Rhenish, No.3(Music resquenced on the 20/09/01) beautifully sequenced by Edward Gold

(878) Symphony no. 3 in Eb, Op. 97, The Rhenish, 2. Scherzo. Sehr mässig(Music updated on the 20/01/00)Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe, another beautiful sequenced by Edward Gold

(873) Symphony no. 3 in Eb, Op. 97, The Rhenish, first movement: Lebhaft (Music updated on the 20/01/00)Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe, a beautiful sequenced by Edward Gold

(805) "Carnaval" Op.9 No.1, beautifully sequenced by Katsuhiro Oguri in real time

(806) Moment Musicau No.4 in C#- Op. 94 - D 780 Sequenced by Bernd Krüger

(807) Moment Musicau No.5 in F-, Op. 94 - D 780 Sequenced by Bernd Krüger

(808) Scenes from Childhood Op. 15 No.2 Sequenced by Bernd Krüger

(809) Scenes from Childhood Op. 15 No.3 Sequenced by Bernd Krüger

(810) Scenes from Childhood Op. 15 No.4 Sequenced by Bernd Krüger

(811) Scenes from Childhood Op. 15 No.5 Sequenced by Bernd Krüger

(812) Scenes from Childhood Op. 15 No.6 Sequenced by Bernd Krüger

(267)Grillen in D flat, Fantaisiestuck opus.12, No.4 (Info kindly supplied by Gary K Allen) Seq by ?

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