21st September 1874 --- 25th May 1934
Original name Gustavus Theodore Von Holst (born 1874, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, Eng.--died 1934, London), English composer and music teacher noted for the excellence of his orchestration. His music combines an international flavour based on the styles of Maurice Ravel, Igor Stravinsky, and others with a continuation of English Romanticism.
The son of a Swedish father and English mother, Holst studied at the Royal College of Music in London. His solo instrument was the trombone, and for some years after leaving the college he made his living as a trombone player in the Carl Rosa Opera Company and in various orchestras. He became music master at St. Paul's Girls' School in 1905 and director of music at Morley College in 1907. These were the most important of his teaching posts, and he retained both of them until the end of his life.
Holst's pioneering methods, which entailed a rediscovery of the English vocal and choral tradition (folk song, madrigals, and church music), were influential in musical education in many English schools. Many of Holst's smaller choral works, folk-song arrangements, and instrumental pieces (e.g., the St. Paul's Suite for strings ) reflect the musical interests he sought to promote as a teacher. In this activity he shared much common ground with Ralph Vaughan Williams, his friend and contemporary. Holst's stubbornly independent, exploring mind had need, however, of a musical language less limited and more flexible than that offered by the English folk-song school. He found fresh creative stimuli in the new European music (e.g., the innovations of Stravinsky), whose impact Holst Stevenistered in his orchestral suite The Planets 1918, and also in Hindu literature, which gave rise to his "Sanskrit" period (1908-12), during which he composed the opera Savitri and four sets of choral hymns from the Rigveda. The cosmopolitanism of Holst's style, rare in English music of his period, lends him a special historical significance. In such works as Egdon Heath for orchestra (1927), the Choral Fantasia (1930), and the Fugal Concerto for flute, oboe, and string orchestra (1923), he anticipated many trends associated with later English composers who were to turn away from the self-consciously national style bred by the folk-song revival.
Holst's works include the opera Sita, composed during 1899-1906, The Hymn of Jesus, for chorus and orchestra (1917), Ode to Death, for chorus and orchestra (1919) The Perfect Fool, an opera (1923), Choral Symphony (1923-24) the opera At the Boar's Head (1925), Double Concerto for Two Violins and Orchestra (1929), and Hammersmith, for orchestra (1930).
Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica
Last Updated on 18th August 2002
And now for the Music
I like to thank George Pollen for the following wonderful music, I will be adding them over the coming weeks, a treat to look forward to, email George, please Click Here, or better still visit his Website here .
(2628)"No.1 Chaconne", donated & sequenced by George Pollen.
(2629)"No.2 Intermezzo", donated & sequenced by George Pollen.
(2630)"No.3 March. Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe, donated & sequenced by George Pollen.
(1176)"Song Without Words" "I'll love my love" Sequence by Mike Toerner
(1175)"Second Suite In F For Military Band March" Sequence by Mike Toerner
(929)"St Paul's Suite (Jig)" Sequence by Reginald Steven Ritchie
(930)"Toccata for Piano" Sequence by Reginald Steven Ritchie
(910)"Finale (The Dargason)" Sequence by Reginald Steven Ritchie
(911)"Ostinato from St Paul's Suite" Sequence by Reginald Steven Ritchie
(901)"Air" Sequence by Reginald Steven Ritchie
(890)"Intermezzo" Sequence by Reginald Steven Ritchie
(862)"Nocturne" Sequence by Reginald Steven Ritchie
(845)"Dance from the Brook Green suite" Sequence by Reginald Steven Ritchie
(823)"Brook Green Suite Prelude" Sequence by Reginald Steven Ritchie
(800)"Chrissemas Day in the Morning" Sequence by Reginald Steven Ritchie
I like to thank Mark Fromm for sequencing and donating the following piece, email Mark and let him know what you think.
(764)"Jig" from St. Paul's Suite for String Orchestra,I really like this piece. Donated and sequence by Mark Fromm
I like to thank again Richard Eaton for all the following piece's of music.
(465) Uranus from the Planets Suite. A extremely hard piece of music to sequence, but here Richard Eaton has caught its essence "excellent" Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe. Sequence by Richard Eaton
(470) Chaconne from Holst's 1st Suite in Eb, Mov.1, Very well crafted Donated and sequence by Richard Eaton
(471)Chaconne from Holst's 1st Suite in Eb, Mov.2, Nice to listen to. Donated and sequence by Richard Eaton
(472)Chaconne from Holst's 1st Suite in Eb, Mov.3, I like this piece. Donated and sequence by Richard Eaton
Holst,(471) Mercury from the Planets Suite. Excellent! Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe Donated and sequence by Richard Eaton
Holst,(470) Jupiter from the Planets Suite. Hours of hard workk went into creating this. Large file please click here for pkunzip.exe Donated and sequence by Richard Eaton
(468) Mars from the Planets Suite. One of my favourite piece's of music. Donated and sequence by Richard Eaton
(469) Saturn from the Planets Suite. A listening experience. Donated and sequence by Richard Eaton
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